Arm and Samsung Partner to Develop Advanced 2nm GAA-Optimized Cortex Cores

February 25, 2024

Arm and Samsung are teaming up to optimize their next-generation CPU cores and process technology, offering tailored versions for various applications and pushing the boundaries of performance and efficiency in the AI era.

  • The collaboration between Arm and Samsung will result in tailored versions of Cortex-A and Cortex-X cores on Samsung's 2 nm-class process technology, providing improved performance and efficiency for various applications.
  • Samsung's gate-all-around multi-bridge-channel field-effect transistors (MBCFETs) offer extensive optimization possibilities, allowing for increased performance or reduced power consumption and cost.
  • The partnership between IP developer Arm and foundry Samsung Foundry is crucial in maximizing performance, reducing power consumption, and optimizing transistor density, ensuring that Samsung's foundry partners have access to the best processor cores for their needs.

ARM and Samsung have announced their collaboration on a design-technology co-optimization (DTCO) program for Arm’s next-generation Cortex CPU cores and Samsung’s next-generation process technology. This partnership aims to deliver tailored versions of Cortex-A and Cortex-X cores on Samsung’s 2 nm-class process technology for various applications, including smartphones, datacenters, infrastructure, and customized system-on-chips.

The optimization possibilities offered by Samsung’s gate-all-around (GAA) multi-bridge-channel field-effect transistors (MBCFETs) are extensive. The nanosheet channels can be widened to increase performance or shrunken to reduce power consumption and cost. With these design choices, Arm and Samsung can cater to different application needs.

The collaboration between IP developers like Arm and foundries like Samsung Foundry is crucial in maximizing performance, reducing power consumption, and optimizing transistor density. By working together, Arm ensures that Samsung’s foundry partners have access to processor cores that meet their requirements.

This partnership holds promise for Cortex-X cores with maximum performance, Cortex-A cores with optimized performance and power consumption, and Cortex-A cores with reduced power consumption. The joint efforts of Arm and Samsung are set to redefine what’s possible in mobile computing and push the boundaries of performance and efficiency in the AI era.


Background Information

About ARM: ARM, originally known as Acorn RISC Machine, is a British semiconductor and software design company that specializes in creating energy-efficient microprocessors, system-on-chip (SoC) designs, and related technologies. Founded in 1990, ARM has become a important player in the global semiconductor industry and is widely recognized for its contributions to mobile computing, embedded systems, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices. ARM's microprocessor designs are based on the Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC) architecture, which prioritizes simplicity and efficiency in instruction execution. This approach has enabled ARM to produce highly efficient and power-saving processors that are used in a vast array of devices, ranging from smartphones and tablets to IoT devices, smart TVs, and more. The company does not manufacture its own chips but licenses its processor designs and intellectual property to a wide range of manufacturers, including Qualcomm, Apple, Samsung, and NVIDIA, who then integrate ARM's technology into their own SoCs. This licensing model has contributed to ARM's widespread adoption and influence across various industries.

ARM website  ARM LinkedIn

About Samsung: Samsung, a South Korean multinational conglomerate, has established itself as a global leader in various industries, including electronics, technology, and more. Founded in 1938, Samsung's influence spans from smartphones and consumer electronics to semiconductors and home appliances. With a commitment to innovation, Samsung has contributed products like the Galaxy series of smartphones, QLED TVs, and SSDs that have revolutionized the way we live and work.

Samsung website  Samsung LinkedIn

Technology Explained

CPU: The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the brain of a computer, responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is the most important component of a computer system, as it is responsible for controlling all other components. CPUs are used in a wide range of applications, from desktop computers to mobile devices, gaming consoles, and even supercomputers. CPUs are used to process data, execute instructions, and control the flow of information within a computer system. They are also used to control the input and output of data, as well as to store and retrieve data from memory. CPUs are essential for the functioning of any computer system, and their applications in the computer industry are vast.

Foundry: A foundry is a dedicated manufacturing facility focused on producing semiconductor components like integrated circuits (ICs) for external clients. These foundries are pivotal in the semiconductor industry, providing diverse manufacturing processes and technologies to create chips based on designs from fabless semiconductor firms or other customers. This setup empowers companies to concentrate on innovative design without needing substantial investments in manufacturing infrastructure. Some well-known foundries include TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company), Samsung Foundry, GlobalFoundries, and UMC (United Microelectronics Corporation).

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