AWS Introduces Graviton4 and Trainium2 Chips: A New Era in Computing


November 28, 2023

AWS Introduces Graviton4 and Trainium2 Chips: A New Era in Computing

Summary: AWS introduces Graviton4 and Trainium2 chip families, designed to offer improved price performance, energy efficiency, and scalability for a wide range of customer workloads.

  • Graviton4 offers up to 30% better compute performance, 50% more cores, and 75% more memory bandwidth than its predecessor, Graviton3.
  • Trainium2 is specifically designed to deliver up to four times faster training than the first generation Trainium chips.
  • Trainium2 offers improved energy efficiency, scalability, and price performance.


Amazon Web Services (AWS) has launched its latest chip designs at the AWS re:Invent conference. The new chip families, named AWS Graviton4 and AWS Trainium2, are designed to offer improved price performance and energy efficiency for a wide range of customer workloads, including machine learning training and generative AI applications.

Graviton4 boasts up to 30% better compute performance, 50% more cores, and 75% more memory bandwidth than its predecessor, Graviton3. This makes it the most powerful and energy-efficient chip ever built by AWS for a broad range of workloads. Meanwhile, Trainium2 is specifically designed to deliver up to four times faster training than the first generation Trainium chips. It can be deployed in EC2 UltraClusters of up to 100,000 chips, allowing for faster training of foundation models and large language models.

David Brown, Vice President of Compute and Networking at AWS, highlighted the importance of chip design in supporting customer workloads. He stated, “Silicon underpins every customer workload, making it a critical area of innovation for AWS. By focusing our chip designs on real workloads that matter to customers, we’re able to deliver the most advanced cloud infrastructure to them.”

Graviton4 offers significant improvements in price performance and energy efficiency, making it an attractive option for a wide range of workloads. AWS already offers over 150 Graviton-powered Amazon EC2 instance types globally, with more than 50,000 customers utilizing these instances to achieve optimal performance for their applications.

Trainium2 is specifically tailored for high-performance training of foundation models and large language models. These models are essential for generative AI applications that create new content across various formats. Trainium2 aims to provide faster training performance and greater memory capacity compared to its predecessor, while also improving energy efficiency.

Anthropic, an AI safety and research company, has been working closely with AWS to develop future foundation models using Trainium chips. According to Tom Brown, Co-founder of Anthropic, Trainium2 is expected to be at least four times faster than the first generation Trainium chips for their key workloads. This collaboration between AWS and Anthropic aims to unlock new possibilities for organizations using state-of-the-art AI systems together with AWS’s secure and reliable cloud technology.

Databricks, a leading data, analytics, and AI platform, also expressed their excitement about Trainium2. Naveen Rao, Vice President of Generative AI at Databricks, stated that Trainium2’s scale and high performance will allow them to train their Mosaic MPT models even faster, providing customers with unprecedented scale and performance.

Overall, the introduction of AWS Graviton4 and Trainium2 chip families demonstrates AWS’s commitment to delivering advanced cloud infrastructure that meets the evolving needs of customers. These new chips offer improved price performance, energy efficiency, and scalability, enabling customers to run a wide range of workloads more effectively on Amazon EC2.

AWS Introduces Graviton4 and Trainium2 Chips: A New Era in Computing

(Source)



Technology Explained


AWS: Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a cloud platform powered by Amazon that enables users to access cloud computing services, such as storage, data analytics, and distributed computing. It offers users the ability to utilize both on-demand and pay-as-you-go computing services, making it a great option for the computer industry. It offers a wide range of services with great flexibility for a variety of uses. It can help companies build powerful web and mobile applications, run large-scale analytics, quickly provision servers and other services, design sophisticated architectures for data storage, and more. AWS provides access to a wide range of services such as virtualization, storage, database, monitoring, analytics, and other services that can help organizations increase agility, manage complexity, and remain on the cutting edge of technology. Many big and famous organizations use AWS services to give them a competitive edge, and more and more companies are turning to this service for their computer needs.


EC2: Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) is a cloud service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS). It is a virtual computing environment that allows users to rent or lease an online server, compute power, storage, and other computing resources. EC2 is a highly reliable, cost-effective, easily scalable, and quickly available cloud computing service that allows users to deploy and configure their own computing resources. It has helped businesses around the world to quickly and securely scale their operations, while minimizing IT costs, enabling them to spin up virtual servers in minutes without having to worry about provisioning, maintaining, or managing hardware. Its ease of use and reliable performance has made it an attractive choice for businesses that require a fast, seamless computing solution. EC2 can be used for a wide range of applications, from big data analysis, precise medical imaging, machine learning, or web and mobile app development to 3D rendering, simulation, and gaming.



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