AMD taps into Samsung’s 4nm Node for Zen 5c Dies, revolutionizing Hybrid and Cloud CPUs.

November 24, 2023 by our News Team

AMD has diversified its chip production by tapping into Samsung's 4nm node for its Zen 5c dies, allowing it to optimize its supply chain and meet the demands of various market segments.

  • AMD is diversifying its supply chain and reducing reliance on a single foundry partner.
  • AMD is able to tailor its products to specific requirements and performance targets.
  • AMD is able to secure supply for its server segment.

AMD has made a significant move in its chip manufacturing strategy by tapping into Samsung’s 4nm node capacity for its Zen 5c dies. This marks a departure from AMD’s previous single-Foundry approach, where it primarily relied on TSMC for its chip production. The decision to split its Zen 5c production between TSMC and Samsung is aimed at utilizing the strengths of each foundry.

According to a report from DigiTimes, AMD will use Samsung’s 4nm node for the “basic” variants of the Prometheus (codename for Zen 5c) die. On the other hand, TSMC will continue to manufacture the advanced variant of the Zen 5c die on its 3nm-class process node. This move allows AMD to diversify its supply chain and reduce reliance on a single foundry partner.

While rival nVidia has been following a dual foundry approach for some time, with TSMC being its primary partner, AMD’s decision to tap into Samsung’s 4nm node is a new step for the chipmaker. It shows that AMD is willing to explore different manufacturing options to optimize its chip production.

Typically, chipmakers tend to use the same process technology for a given IP. However, AMD has previously manufactured RDNA 3 GPUs across different process nodes, using 5nm for Navi 31/32 and 6nm for Navi 33. This flexibility in manufacturing processes allows AMD to tailor its products to specific requirements and performance targets.

One reason behind AMD’s decision to utilize Samsung’s 4nm node could be to diversify its supply while still benefiting from performance and efficiency advantages. Apple is currently the only client utilizing TSMC’s 3nm capacity, which is expected to be used for the client-class Zen 5 chips. By tapping into Samsung’s 4nm node, AMD can secure supply for its server segment, which is a lucrative market.

It’s worth noting that Samsung’s 3nm node utilizes Gate All Around (GAA) transistors, an evolution of the FinFET technology used by TSMC’s 3nm nodes. However, the yields of advanced nodes have been lower, leading many fabless chipmakers to prefer TSMC for their manufacturing needs.

Overall, AMD’s decision to tap into Samsung’s 4nm node for its Zen 5c dies represents a significant shift in its chip manufacturing strategy. By diversifying its supply chain and leveraging the strengths of different foundries, AMD aims to optimize its chip production and meet the demands of various market segments. This move positions AMD as a formidable player in the hybrid and cloud CPU space, setting the stage for further innovation and competition in the industry.

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Background Information

About AMD: AMD, a large player in the semiconductor industry is known for its powerful processors and graphic solutions, AMD has consistently pushed the boundaries of performance, efficiency, and user experience. With a customer-centric approach, the company has cultivated a reputation for delivering high-performance solutions that cater to the needs of gamers, professionals, and general users. AMD's Ryzen series of processors have redefined the landscape of desktop and laptop computing, offering impressive multi-core performance and competitive pricing that has challenged the dominance of its competitors. Complementing its processor expertise, AMD's Radeon graphics cards have also earned accolades for their efficiency and exceptional graphical capabilities, making them a favored choice among gamers and content creators. The company's commitment to innovation and technology continues to shape the client computing landscape, providing users with powerful tools to fuel their digital endeavors.

AMD website  AMD LinkedIn

About Apple: Apple Inc., known for its iconic products, was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in 1976. The company has since revolutionized the technology landscape with innovations like the Macintosh computer, iPod, iPhone, iPad, and more. for its emphasis on design, user experience, and ecosystem integration, Apple's devices and software have made a profound impact on various industries. With a commitment to quality and innovation, Apple remains a global technology leader.

Apple website  Apple LinkedIn

About nVidia: NVIDIA has firmly established itself as a leader in the realm of client computing, continuously pushing the boundaries of innovation in graphics and AI technologies. With a deep commitment to enhancing user experiences, NVIDIA's client computing business focuses on delivering solutions that power everything from gaming and creative workloads to enterprise applications. for its GeForce graphics cards, the company has redefined high-performance gaming, setting industry standards for realistic visuals, fluid frame rates, and immersive experiences. Complementing its gaming expertise, NVIDIA's Quadro and NVIDIA RTX graphics cards cater to professionals in design, content creation, and scientific fields, enabling real-time ray tracing and AI-driven workflows that elevate productivity and creativity to unprecedented heights. By seamlessly integrating graphics, AI, and software, NVIDIA continues to shape the landscape of client computing, fostering innovation and immersive interactions in a rapidly evolving digital world.

nVidia website  nVidia LinkedIn

About Samsung: Samsung, a South Korean multinational conglomerate, has established itself as a global leader in various industries, including electronics, technology, and more. Founded in 1938, Samsung's influence spans from smartphones and consumer electronics to semiconductors and home appliances. With a commitment to innovation, Samsung has contributed products like the Galaxy series of smartphones, QLED TVs, and SSDs that have revolutionized the way we live and work.

Samsung website  Samsung LinkedIn

About TSMC: TSMC, or Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, is a semiconductor foundry based in Taiwan. Established in 1987, TSMC is a important player in the global semiconductor industry, specializing in the manufacturing of semiconductor wafers for a wide range of clients, including technology companies and chip designers. The company is known for its semiconductor fabrication processes and plays a critical role in advancing semiconductor technology worldwide.

TSMC website  TSMC LinkedIn

Technology Explained

CPU: The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the brain of a computer, responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is the most important component of a computer system, as it is responsible for controlling all other components. CPUs are used in a wide range of applications, from desktop computers to mobile devices, gaming consoles, and even supercomputers. CPUs are used to process data, execute instructions, and control the flow of information within a computer system. They are also used to control the input and output of data, as well as to store and retrieve data from memory. CPUs are essential for the functioning of any computer system, and their applications in the computer industry are vast.

Foundry: A foundry is a dedicated manufacturing facility focused on producing semiconductor components like integrated circuits (ICs) for external clients. These foundries are pivotal in the semiconductor industry, providing diverse manufacturing processes and technologies to create chips based on designs from fabless semiconductor firms or other customers. This setup empowers companies to concentrate on innovative design without needing substantial investments in manufacturing infrastructure. Some well-known foundries include TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company), Samsung Foundry, GlobalFoundries, and UMC (United Microelectronics Corporation).

RDNA: RDNA (Radeon DNA) is a graphics architecture developed by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) for its Radeon series of graphics cards. It's designed to deliver improved performance, power efficiency, and advanced features for gaming and graphics-intensive applications. RDNA introduces a new compute unit design that enhances the efficiency of processing tasks, resulting in better performance per watt compared to its predecessor, GCN (Graphics Core Next). RDNA also introduces hardware-based ray tracing capabilities, allowing for more realistic lighting, shadows, and reflections in supported games. With its scalable design, RDNA architecture addresses the demands of modern gaming while aiming to provide a more immersive and visually impressive experience.

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